The relationship between people and cannabis,
has a long history. They have had a close relationship for thousands of years. Marijuana has been around for as long as we can remember. In this article we will go into more detail about the history of its cultivation and the origins of cannabis. We will start with the place of origin of this plant. With regard to the scientific and archaeological evidence, it is difficult to make an accurate estimate of the origin of marijuana, but there are three points on which research is focused. The first of these is China. In this Asian country the first traces of hemp and the first paper sample containing traces of cannabis fibres were found. Even studies have already found a difference in marijuana seeds between psychoactive and non-psychoactive seeds. Another place related to the origin of cannabis cultivation is Central Asia, especially the area stretching from the Caucasus to the Altai massif. The Takla Makan Desert has been described as the birthplace of marijuana. And it is believed that it has spread from this place to China, India and Europe. Third place would be South Asia between the foothills of the Himalayas and the mountains of the Hindu Kush. Currently, there is a large number of marijuana plants in this area, and their consumption and use is still high. For this reason it is assumed that this could be the area where this plant originates. Although we cannot give an exact place of origin for cannabis, one thing is clear. Marijuana comes from the Asian continent. From Asia, the knowledge and cultivation of this plant spread hand in hand with immigrants and commercials to the rest of the world. The next point is to know the date when marijuana became part of our lives.
Wann entstand Cannabis?
Based on the research carried out, cannabis was one of the first plants or plant species cultivated under human control. This activity took place in 10,000 or 12,000 BC. In these years, traces of marijuana seeds, fibres and pollen grains have been found. in 6,000 BC. The use of cannabis seeds and oil in meals is obvious. In terms of its use as an optimal fibre for the manufacture of textile products, it was produced in 4,000 BC. When we focus on the use of marijuana in medicine, the Chinese emperor Fu Hsi mentioned this plant in year 2. 900 B.C. As a medicinal plant. In China it was called Ma. But it was not until 2,737 BC, when it was written about the medicinal use of cannabis in the pharmacopoeia of Shen Nungthat it was considered one of the fathers of medicine in China.
How has marijuana cultivation developed?
The first uses of this plant were in the food sector. Soon the man used the fibres for the production of fabrics. The next area in which marijuana was used was medicine, as it succeeded in relieving pain. After these uses, the Muslims built the first paper factory in Europe with cannabis plants in 1150. In addition, most of the paper produced over the next 850 years was made from marijuana plants. cannabis spread from Asia to Russia and from there to Africa and then to Europe. Later, in the 16th century, we Spaniards were the people who brought cannabis to Chile and Peru. In the 17th century the British brought this medicinal plant to Canada and the USA. From the moment it was cultivated, it became the first pillar of the economy of the American colonies. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus was the one who imposed the name Cannabis Sativa L. to classify hemp. 30 years later, Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck created a second hemp art named Cannabis Indica. And so a third division was achieved, namely Cannabis Ruderalis, classified by D.E. Janischevisky. From here on, the marijuana landscape changed radically. Two centuries later, especially in 1930, the war against marijuana began. The beginning of the United States through several films such as Reefer Madness in 1936. One year later there was the first arrest in history for selling cannabis. 1942, marijuana was excluded from the American pharmacopoeia. Since then, the medical use of marijuana has receded into the background in some parts of America. It was the beginning of the illegalisation of marijuana in many countries. In 1964 Doctor Raphael Machoulam identified that plants contained the compound THC, the main psychoactive component of cannabis. Since then, President Richard Nixon has begun to spread your negative thinking against marijuana. He considered it a drug. 1976, the Netherlands decriminalised cannabis with a grow shop. In fact, it was the first country to defend marijuana use. There is currently much debate around this plant. Some countries are in favour of legalisation, while others have closed the door completely. We will have to wait and see how cannabis use develops over the next few years.