The cannabinoids in particular are moving into the focus of science. There are already numerous articles about successful natural treatments for various diseases using one of the non-psychoactive ingredients, cannabidiol (CBD). But the hemp plant has even more to offer.

We introduce you to eight cannabinoids that have the greatest potential so far.

Of the 113 naturally occurring cannabinoids that have been isolated and identified so far, THC and CBD are undoubtedly the best known. However, there are some significant differences between these two compounds. As awareness of CBD and its many benefits grows, there has also been an increase in misunderstandings. Because it comes from the cannabis plant, it is still associated with drugs and drug addiction by many people, although research has shown that CBD is neither psychoactive nor harmful. THC is the main psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. It is the main mind-altering and psychoactive ingredient that makes people “high”. CBD, on the other hand, has no psychoactive effects and is responsible for many different positive health benefits. Although it is true that THC is often used in recreational settings to get high, it also has various purposes. For example, medicinal THC oil can be prescribed to relieve the symptoms of painful and debilitating medical problems. THC – Boiling point: 157°C Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (also called “Δ9-THC”, “D9-THC” or simply “THC”) is a neutral cannabinoid known for its psychoactive effects. One of the most important discoveries – made by THC – is probably the existence of the endocannabinoid system in vertebrates (including humans). THC is thought to interact with parts of the brain that are normally controlled by the endogenous cannabinoid neurotransmitter anandamide. THC is effective in the treatment of a variety of conditions and disorders including pain, tumours, nausea and ADHD. THCA – Boiling point: 105°C Tetrahydrocannabinoic acid is the main component of raw cannabis and, like other acid cannabinoids, is not psychoactive. THCA converts to D9-THC when it is burned, vaporised or heated at a certain temperature for a certain time. THCA has a strong anti-inflammatory effect, stimulates the appetite, acts against tumours, combats insomnia and is antispasmodic. THCV – Boiling point: not known Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is found in large quantities in cannabis varieties native to Central Africa, such as certain phenotypes from Malawi. It is currently being researched as a treatment for metabolic disorders, including diabetes, and as a potential appetite suppressant.

CBD – What is CBD?

CO2 hemp extract (CBD ) is obtained from industrial hemp – cannabis. It is a safe, natural extract that is widely believed to be incredibly helpful in a variety of problems. The benefits are due to natural chemicals in the cannabis plant called cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are the chemical components of cannabis that we consider to be the “CBD”. CBD is produced naturally by your body and also by many plants, especially cannabis. Yes, you read that correctly! Your body actually produces its own cannabinoids! But let me explain a little bit more. In this article we will talk about the two main types of cannabinoids:

  • Endocannabinoide  sind die Arten von Cannabinoiden, die natürlich in Ihrem eigenen Körper vorkommen.
  • Phytocannabinoide  stammen aus Pflanzen, einschließlich Cannabis.

Both types of cannabinoids interact with your body’s endocannabinoid system (eCS) to maintain the balance of the whole body. CBD – Boiling point: 180°C Cannabidiol is not psychoactive. It has been shown to be extremely valuable in the treatment of conditions such as MS and epilepsy. As it has little psychoactive effect, it is ideal for the treatment of children, the elderly and patients who prefer to stay clear and focused. CBD has a good effect in the treatment of pain and tumours. CBD also lowers blood sugar and is used in the treatment of diabetes. CBD has a calming effect and is useful in treating stress-related disorders and sleep loss.

CBD as isolate

The most common form of CBD is actually an isolate (like fractionated coconut oil) because it is isolated from the other plant compound using a process called chromatography and contains only cannabidiol without any of the other chemical components of the cannabis plant. This ensures that THC cannot have any psychoactive effects, but it also removes all other cannabinoids and terpenes.

This leaves you with only the part of the plant that you want to use, which is good!

While CBD on its own can have some benefits, we now understand that many of the positive effects of the cannabis plant are due to the way its many chemical components, not just CBD, interact with one another. This is known as the “entourage effect” and we’ll talk more about it in a moment. First, let’s examine the differences between different types of CBD products.

Broad-Spectrum CBD

full spectrum CBD and when the THC is removed it becomes a “broadband CBD”. This means that all the other wonderful and useful chemical components that make up the cannabis plant are still intact, but there is no possibility of psychoactive effects at all, as all the THC is removed. These other components include many strong terpene alcohols, especially linalool. Linalool is known to everyone in the essential oil industry as the piece that gives some of our favourite oils (like lavender) their therapeutic properties. Linalool is also found in oranges, hops, pepper, etc.

full spectrum CBD

full spectrum- CBD contains traces of THC. The legal limit for this type of product is below 0.3%, an amount so small that it has no psychoactive effect at all. Many people who take CBD find that this small amount of THC helps with more serious problems.

CBDA – Ideal decarbonisation temperature: 120+ °C CBD carboxylic acid (CBDA), similar to THCA, is the main component of cannabis plants grown to an elevated CBD content. CBDA and THCA contain the most anti-inflammatory properties that cannabis has to offer. CBDA has been shown to be both anti-inflammatory and anti-tumour.

CBN – Boiling point: 185 °C

Cannabinol (CBN) is an oxidation product of THC. It normally forms when THC is exposed to oxygen and heat. With CBN it behaves in a similar way to wine, because the results take some time. This compound forms as a degradation product of THC, so that after cutting off and storing the cannabis, the tetrahydrocannabinol slowly loses its properties and becomes CBN. A high CBN level in cannabis suggests that it is old or has been exposed to intense heat. CBN potentiates the effects of THC and synergistically adds what has become known as the “couch-lock” effect. CBN is known to have a very mild psychoactive and more sedative effect than other known cannabinoids. It has great potential in sleep therapy.

CBG – Boiling point: not available

Cannabigerol is not psychoactive and has been shown to stimulate the growth of new brain cells, even in the elderly. CBG also stimulates bone growth, it is antibacterial, anti-tumor and combats insomnia. It can change the overall effects of cannabis. Cannabigerol is mainly found in young cannabis plants that are not yet fully mature. This is due to the fact that this ingredient is actually the precursor of the already much better known cannabinoids CBD and THC. The cannabis plant first produces cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), which is then converted to cannabinoid acid (CBDA) or tetrahydrocannabinoleic acid (THCA) by appropriate enzymes.

CBC – Boiling point: 220 °C

Cannabichromene is also not psychoactive and has been shown to be about ten times more effective than CBD in the treatment of anxiety and stress. It also shows efficacy in the treatment of inflammation and in pain relief. CBC is also antiviral and anti-tumour. CBC has been shown to stimulate bone tissue growth, but it is not yet clear whether cannabichromes have any effect on cannabinoid receptors. However, it is thought that CBC has a variety of pharmacological effects and supports effects of THC and other cannabinoids. .

CBD plant therapy

Like everything we do, freya brings our corporate values to our CBD products.

Security: You can trust us to be transparent about our product and how it works. We do not make unfounded claims. We quote our resources and offer tests for every oil (including CO2 hemp extract). This way you know exactly which chemical components enter your CBD.

Quality: High quality products have always been a priority, but CBD is incredibly important. We have sourced the highest quality product here in Austria from reputable, ethical producers.

Training: Our team offers training through content, videos, downloads and trained staff.

Pricing: Fair and affordable prices have always been our top priority.

To learn more, visit our CBD page for more information or read these other blog posts:


Blessing, EM, Steenkamp, MM, Manzanares, J. & Marmar, CR (2015). Cannabidiol as a possible treatment for anxiety disorders.

Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, 12 (4), 825-836. doi: 10.1007 / s13311-015-0387-1 Pre-Review Report on Cannabidiol (CBD). (2017). Committee of experts on drug dependence. World Health Organisation. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/5.2_CBD.pdf  ElSohly M, Gul W. Components of Cannabis Sativa. In: Pertwee R, ed. manual of cannabis. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2014: 3-22. Friedman D, Devinsky O. Cannabinoids in the treatment of epilepsy. N Engl J Med. 2015, 10 September; 373 (11): 1048-58. Martens S, Mithöfer A. Flavone and flavone synthases. Phytochemistry. 2005 Oct; 66 (20): 2399 & ndash; 407. epub 2005 Aug 30. russo EB. Taming of THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid terpenoid entourage effects. Br J Pharmacol. 2011 Aug; 163 (7): 1344 & ndash; 64th Tisserand, R. (2016). Retrieved from https://tisserandinstitute.org/learn-more/cannabis-oil/“The brain loves CBD: what are the effects of this great cannabinoid?”. (2018). CBD Health and Wellness. Retrieved from https://cbdhealthandwellness.net/2018/09/04/the-brain-loves-cbd-what-are-the-effects-of-this-major-cannabinoid/ Pacher, P. (2013). Modulation of the endocannabinoid system in human health and disease: successes and failures. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3684164/ “What is CBD? (2019) Project CBD. Retrieved from https://www.projectcbd.org/cbd-101/what-is-cbd* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. If you are pregnant, breastfeeding, are taking medication or are under medical treatment, please consult a doctor or qualified health care professional before using this product.

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